Careers in Astronomy & Astrophysics (A&A) can be broadly divided as
though, in order to make significant contribution to the subject you have to be good at both.
Theoretical research career in A & A typically involves doing a Masters in physics, or Bachelors in Engineering or Technology with thorough basic knowledge in physics and mathematics, joining a suitable institution or university for a Ph.D. programme in A & A, following it up with one or two postdoctoral positions and - finally - obtaining a permanent job.
Among the leading institutes in this country
Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore (IIA),
IndianInstitute of Science, Bangalore (IISc),
National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Pune (NCRA-TIFR),
Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pune (IUCAA),
Physical Research Laboratory, Ahamedabad (PRL),
Raman Research Institute, Bangalore (RRI) and
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (TIFR)